A programming language is a formal computer language or constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs to control the behabior of a machine or to express algorithms.
Top Programming Languages
Java is a general-purpose programming language that is object-oriented, class-based, and made to have some implementation needs as conceivable. It is basically designed to allow the application developers to write the code in Java for once, run anywhere (WORA), it means that Java code when compiled can be executed on all podiums that support Java without any recompilation need. The applications in Java are assembled to bytecode that you can run on Java virtual machine (JVM) irrespective of the system architecture. Some of the programs in Java have a status of being sluggish and consume more memory as compared to the code written in C++ language.
Python is a general purpose programming language currently ranked third on the TIOBE Index and 4th in-demand by Stackflow. Python plays a central role in developing AI and data analytics programs, as well as developing deep learning and machine learning capabilities. This means that we expect demand to continue to rise as these technologies become more widespread.
Go was developed by Google in 2007 for APIs and web applications. Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages due to its simplicity, as well as its ability to handle multicore and networked systems and massive codebases. Companies using Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, among many others.
Everywhere you look as a programmer, you will see C/C++ language being used.
While it is one of the harder programming languages to learn, if you are a programmer that prefers working at the system-level, this is a language to learn as soon as possible!
R is a programming language used for data analysis and machine learning applications. The open-source language is currently the 9th most popular programming language according to the TIOBE index–up 10 points from last year. R offers a solid framework and built-in libraries for fast-tracking ML algorithm development and is widely used for statistical computing.
Rust is a general-purpose, C-like language, but has many differences and advantages – particularly the fact that it is much safer than C languages. It is a low-level code, ideal for systems. Because it is a managed code from beginning to end, it is far less vulnerable to security threats than other code.
Kotlin is used extensively for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side application development. Kotlin was built to be better than Java, and people who use this language are convinced. Most of the Google applications are based on Kotlin. Some companies using Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates among many others.
A few years ago, Swift made the top 10 in the monthly TIOBE Index ranking of popular programming languages. Apple developed Swift in 2014 for Linux and Mac applications.
Go, also known as Golang, was created to meet the needs of programmers working on large projects.
In this article, there is a detailed discussion about different types of computer languages for programming purpose.