What is Hardware and Software?

The computer system is made of Hardware and Software & both are essential for your device. Hardware refers to physical components like CPU, hard disk, monitor, and software refers to program components like application software, system software, and programming software. If you’re learning about computer hardware and software then read the below mentioned information.

What is Hardware?


Hardware is a physical component of a computer system so that you can touch and see the internal and external parts. Hardware helps the system store precious and vital data. Internal computer hardware consists of motherboards and CPUs. External Hardware connects your device to input and output devices like keyboards, headphones, and flash drives.

Hardware Examples: RAM, ROM, Printer, Monitor, Mouse, Hard disk, and more.

There are four types of Hardware: Input Device(Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner, etc), Output device(Monitors, Printers, Speakers, etc), Storage devices(CDs, DVDs, Hard Disk, etc), and internal components(CPU, Motherboard, etc). Viruses cannot damage hardware if it is damaged then it would be replaced with other hardware.

What is Software?


Software is a combination of programs and also a collection of instructions, procedures, and documentation that helps the system to performs different tasks. System needs a software like an operating system in order to perform basic and specific tasks. The software includes MS Word, Powerpoint, Excel, and so on.., there are other types of software.

Software Examples: Google Chrome, MySQL, MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Notepad, Photoshop, and more.

There are two main software: System software(Operating systems, Language processors, and Device Drivers) and Application software(General Purpose Software, Customized Software, etc). The software can be affect by viruses, so you’ll lose your data and cause some operational issues.